How to Procure a Building

It is a known fact that everyone including corporations at some point will be desirous to procure buildings. Either for personal, commercial or public use.

There are two major ways of procuring a building.  Potential owners can either purchase or construct. In some cases they can purchase an old or used building and renovate it.

Outright purchase is often easier, stress-free and faster. However, how often will a potential buyer come across buildings that fit their functional and aesthetic requirements.

Also how often would they have that lump sum to pay outrightly.

As a result people in Nigeria, where mortgage services aren’t readily available, construct more and purchase less.

How to Procure a Building in Nigeria.

From the inception of a building to the delivery of that building, there are several stages involved. Also several people trained to assist a potential building owner.

These professionals primary interest is to ensure the successful delivery of the project, within budget and on time. They can are divided into two broad categories; the building professionals and the building contractor.

Among the professionals you have the project manager, land surveyor, architect, quantity surveyor, structural engineer, mechanical engineers, electrical engineers, estate surveyors/valuers.

Other specialist include landscape, interior and furniture specialist. While among the contractors you have the builders and his sub contractors.

5 Stages to follow when desirous of a building

  • STAGE 1:

Individuals desirous of owning a building should contact any professional in the building industry you know. This is so because they might not readily have links to all the professionals at the same time. Thus, trying to seek out a specific professional may scare or frustrate you.
  • STAGE 2:

Within the comfort of this familiar professional they can request an introduction to a qualified architect. Remember, your ideas and desires are still just ideas. No other professional at this stage can guide you to convert those idea into sketches.

By the way you will notice I used the phrase ‘qualified architect’. This is so because among professions there are statutory bodies whose sole responsibility is to regulate practice and register trained professionals. Therefore, potential building owners are required to do due diligence so you don’t deal with quacks who may endanger your project.

  • STAGE 3:

Here, either the architect or the prospective building owner can nominate other relevant qualified professionals.

The lead consultant in building project is the architect. He will review and coordinate work done by all allied professionals. These professionals includes;

Land surveyor:

Surveys site boundaries, features, buildings and other site conditions.

Quantity surveyor:

Manages all cost relating to the building from initial calculations to final figures.

Structural engineer:

Analyzes, designs and plans structural components and structural systems in buildings to achieve design goals, ensuring safety and comfort of users.

Mechanical engineer:

Designs and provides efficient solutions to all mechanical installations to be deployed in the building and test them e.g. heating and cooling systems in buildings.

Electrical engineer:

Designs and provides efficient solutions to all electrical installations to be deployed in the building and test them.

  • STAGE 4

On the successful completion of the design stage, the professionals under the lead of the architect recommends a contractor after tendering.

The contractors’ qualifications, track records and portfolio of similar works is analyzed and this analysis communicated to prospective building owner.

  • STAGE 5:

The nominated contractor is mobilized to site where he works under the routine supervision of the professionals.

In some cases contract types such as design-build may be used. This is where the building is designed and built by the same person or organization. Due diligence still has to be done to ensure that whoever designs and construct is qualified.

Also project managers can be employed by the building owner to manage the construction process.